COLUMBUS — Trying again to execute the country’s only survivor of a botched lethal injection amounts to cruel and unusual punishment and double jeopardy, according to lawyers fighting a second execution try.
Prosecutors argue double jeopardy doesn’t apply because lethal drugs never entered the veins of Romell Broom during the nearly two hours that executioners spent unsuccessfully trying to hook up an IV. They also say a previously unsuccessful attempt doesn’t affect the constitutionality of his death sentence. The Ohio Supreme Court heard arguments from both sides Tuesday.
Broom, 59, was sentenced to die for the 1984 rape and slaying of 14-year-old Tryna Middleton after abducting her in Cleveland as she walked home from a Friday night football game with two friends.
His 2009 execution was stopped by then-Gov. Ted Strickland after an execution team tried for two hours to find a suitable vein. Broom has said he was stuck with needles at least 18 times, with pain so intense he cried and screamed.
An hour into the execution, the Department of Rehabilitation and Correction recruited a part-time prison doctor with no experience or training with executions to try — again, unsuccessfully — to find a vein.
Broom’s appeals in federal court are on hold while the state court hears the constitutional arguments.
Broom has been back on death row since. No new execution date has been set.
Requiring Broom to endure another execution attempt would double up his punishment by forcing him to relive the pain he’s already been through, his attorneys, Adele Shank and Timothy Sweeney, argued in a court filing last year.
On Tuesday, Shank rejected prosecutors’ arguments that an execution attempt didn’t happen simply because the lethal chemicals weren’t administered. She also said the fact the execution team took a break after 45 minutes doesn’t mean the procedure wasn’t one long execution try.
“The only break he got was to be lying on a gurney being watched and guarded in a room with no one who was his friend, with only people who were there with the specific purpose of killing him,” Shank told justices.
Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor asked Shank about testimony that Broom may have caused the problems with his veins by taking an entire box of antihistamines the day before to dehydrate himself. Shank said she witnessed Broom drinking coffee the day of the procedure. Chris Schroeder, an assistant Cuyahoga County prosecutor, said the antihistamines allegation was not part of the state’s argument.
In 1947, Louisiana electrocuted 18-year-old Willie Francis by electric chair a year after an improperly prepared electric chair failed to work. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 to allow the second execution to proceed, rejecting double jeopardy arguments. A state’s administration of its criminal law isn’t affected by due process rights, when “an accident, with no suggestion of malevolence, prevents the consummation of a sentence,” the court ruled at the time.
The state says lower courts properly determined that any mistakes happened during Broom’s execution preparations, not the actual procedure, and that no lethal chemicals ever began to flow through his veins.
Schroeder said the evidence shows the state wasn’t deliberately trying to hurt Broom and that nearly two dozen successful executions since 2009 mean such an event couldn’t happen again.
In none of those cases did Ohio fail to execute someone or cause pain during the administration of lethal drugs, he said.
“I would ask this court not to carve out an entirely new class of people exempt from the death penalty, a class of one that consists only of Romell Broom,” Schroeder said. “This case has lingered for six years. It’s time for finality for this little girl’s family.”
O’Connor pressed for more explanation on how a second execution attempt amounts to cruel and unusual punishment. Shank started to give the analogy of a soldier traumatized by the experience of being under fire. O’Connor cut her off.
“Counsel, I don’t think I’d equate your client to a United States soldier,” O’Connor said.
“I’m equating a traumatic event where a specific experience is undergone and then a similar experience arises again,” Shank replied. “It’s never as if the first one didn’t happen.”
Andrew Welsh-Huggins can be reached on Twitter at https://twitter.com/awhcolumbus.
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