One case of mumps has been confirmed in Madison County and three other cases are probable, according to the Madison County-London City Health District.
Columbus Public Health on Monday added Madison County to the central Ohio outbreak, along with Franklin and Delaware counties.
As of Tuesday afternoon, a total of 317 mumps cases have been linked to the three counties, with 188 of those linked to an outbreak at The Ohio State University.
Two of the four Madison County cases are linked to the university, said Alexis Comer, a health education specialist at the local health district.
The central Ohio mumps outbreak now has more than half as many mumps cases as there were nationwide last year, officials said.
Local cases include complications of severe pain, inflammation of the testicles in post pubescent males, inflammation of the ovaries in post pubescent females, deafness and hospitalizations.
As the investigation of the local mumps outbreak continues, public health officials urge individuals at highest risk of mumps to get vaccinated with the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR).
Two doses of MMR are needed for protection. Anyone who has not received any doses of MMR and those who have received only one dose of MMR should be vaccinated as soon as possible, officials said. Additionally, people born before 1987 are likely to have received just one or no MMR doses and should also be vaccinated.
In addition to getting vaccinated, residents are also encouraged to help prevent the spread by:
• Staying home if sick
• Not sharing cups, utensils, etc.
• Washing hands frequently
• Covering mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing
Mumps is a viral illness that is spread by droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth or nose or throat of an infected person. It can cause fever, body aches, headaches, fatigue, swelling of salivary glands or pain when chewing or swallowing. Symptoms usually occur 14 to 18 days after being infected.
For more information and vaccine availability, contact the Madison County-London City Health District at (740) 852-3065 or a primary care provider.
Andrea Chaffin can be reached at (740) 852-1616, ext. 19 or via Twitter @AndeeWrites.